Processed Animal Protein

Processed Animal Protein (PAP) is a complex of three key nutrients; protein, fat and minerals. PAP is a safe feed ingredient made from Category 3 material that contribute to healthy diets in certain types of livestock, aquaculture and pets.

PAP Facts

  • Higher protein content than common feed ingredients like rapeseed, soya and lupin
  • Better balance of fat, protein and minerals compared to plant derived alternatives
  • PAP is completely sage because it is produced from Category 3 material – fit for human consumption at the point of slaughter
  • PAP comes from fully traceable supply lines to eliminate the possibility of intra-species consumption
  • Suitable for carnivorous / omnivorous animals such as pigs, poultry, some pets and some fish
  • Using PAP as a livestock feed prevents high value protein going to waste – improving the overall sustainability of the food chain



PAP is a high protein, low carbon feed ingredient



PAP is used in 1.67 Million tonnes of pet food each year



PAP has 10% of the Greenhouse gas emissions of soya meal

Uses of PAP

Land animals

Processed Animal Protein is suitable for monogastric terrestrial livestock including pigs and poultry on farms as well as pets such as cats and dogs. All the material going into PAP is fit for human consumption at the point of slaughter so the end product is nutritious, high value protein which corresponds well with these animals’ typical diets.

PAP is free from any specified risk material and the highest standards of hygiene and traceability mean it is a safe, healthy animal feed.

poultry farm

commercial fish farm Processed animal protein


Aquaculture is an increasingly important means of food production that encompasses the farming of fish, molluscs and crustaceans. Nearly 2.5 million tonnes of farmed fish were produced in Europe in 2014 out of a global total of 101 million tonnes (FEAP). Within Europe, two thirds of the fish farmed is salmon, more than 80% of which is produced in Norway. Besides salmon, the main fish species in Europe are trout, sea bass, sea bream and carp. Most of the species are carnivorous and omnivorous with varying requirements for protein and oil.

In Europe, using Processed Animal Protein (PAP) in aquaculture was restricted until 2013. Since then, non-ruminant PAP has been permitted reflecting scientific consensus on the safety of feeding land animal proteins to fish. Rendered animal fat and oil have been available to use in aquafeed for many years without any restrictions.

learn more about edible fats