How do we use rendered products?

EFPRA’s members produce a wide range of rendered by-products that become the raw materials in all sorts of industries. Safer material often re-enters the food chain while category 1 by-products are a lower carbon-footprint replacement for fossil fuels. The diagram below shows the main uses of rendered products:

uses of rendered products


Combustion as fuel

Solid fuel for power stations and cement kilns – equivalent to 1 million tonnes of coal but with a much lower carbon footprint.



Rendered fat is blended into the diesel sold at fuel stations across the EU


Pet food

PAP is a key component of dry pet foods and is a substitute for vegetable proteins like soya beans which we import from outside the EU.


Fish feed

PAP is an ingredient of aquafeed – particularly for commercially grown carnivorous fish like salmon. PAP has better nutritional properties than vegetable proteins for fish and can also substitute for wild-caught fish in feed rations.


Chemical industry

Rendered fat is the raw material for oleochemicals (fats and lipids). We use these as ingredients for a range of household good such as cosmetics, lubricants and cleaning products.


Animal feed

Processed Animal Protein can form part of thefeed rations of omnivorous and carnivorous animals – as long as there is no intra-species consumption. Category 3 fat is a feed ingredient because of its binding, preservative and nutritional properties.



Animal by-products make fertiliser that is rich in phosphorous – a vital element for plant growth and photosynthesis, it contains good quantities of nitrogen and various micro-nutrients.



This fuel can substitute for fossil gas used for heating and electricity generation.

mink illustration

Fur feed

Food for the fur production industry. When the by-products of fur animals are processed they are category 1 for long-term disease management.

FIND OUT about processed animal protein

learn more about PAP